Life History

Amedeo Avogadro was an Italian physicist and chemist who lived from 1776 to 1856.

Biography of Amedeo Avogadro and Discovery

Amedeo Avogadro Birth

Amedeo Avogadro was born on August 9, 1776 in Turin, Italy.

Amedeo Avogadro Accomplishments

Amedeo Avogadro was an Italian scientist who made several important contributions to the field of chemistry.

Avogadro's law: He proposed that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules, which is known as Avogadro's law.

Avogadro constant: He was the first to calculate the number of particles (atoms or molecules) in one mole of a substance, which is now known as Avogadro's constant.

Molecular theory: Avogadro contributed to the development of molecular theory, which explains the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids in terms of the motions and interactions of molecules.

Stoichiometry: He also made important contributions to the development of stoichiometry, which is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.

Atomic mass: Avogadro proposed a method for determining the relative atomic masses of elements based on the number of atoms in a given volume of gas.

These accomplishments helped lay the foundation for modern chemistry and are still relevant today.

Amedeo Avogadro Family Background

Amedeo Avogadro's father's name was Count Filippo Avogadro and his mother's name was Anna Maria Vercellone.

Amedeo Avogadro had six siblings. Their names were Felicita, Giuseppe, Carlo, Bonifacio, Filippo, and Amadea.

The Avogadro family was known for its intelligence and talents in various fields, including law, science, and mathematics.

Amedeo Avogadro His father, Count Filippo Avogadro, was a lawyer and senator in the Kingdom of Sardinia. The Avogadro family had a long history of service to the House of Savoy, the ruling family of Sardinia, and was one of the most prominent families in Piedmontese society.

Amedeo Avogadro's mother was Anna Maria Vercellone, who came from a family of magistrates and lawyers. Her father, Giuseppe Vercellone, was a distinguished jurist in Turin, Italy, and served as a professor of law at the University of Turin. Anna Maria's family was well-educated and held a prominent position in the Piedmontese society. Amedeo Avogadro inherited his family's intellectual and academic interests, which helped him become a successful scientist.

Amedeo Avogadro's family, including his parents and siblings, also lived in Turin, Italy. They resided in a palace located in the Piazza Carlo Alberto, which was a prestigious area in the city. The palace was owned by Amedeo's maternal grandfather, Giuseppe Vercellone, who was a prominent jurist and professor of law at the University of Turin. The family's residence was also the site of many intellectual and cultural gatherings that helped foster Amedeo's interest in science and the arts.

Amedeo Avogadro Education

Amedeo Avogadro received his early education from a private tutor and then attended a local college in his hometown of Turin, Italy. He later went on to study law at the University of Turin, where he earned a degree in jurisprudence in 1796. However, he had a keen interest in science, and after completing his legal studies, he decided to pursue his passion for physics and mathematics.

Avogadro went on to study physics, mathematics, and natural philosophy at the University of Turin and was mentored by notable scientists and mathematicians of his time. He also studied at the University of Verona, where he further developed his scientific knowledge. Avogadro's education in law and science helped him develop a unique perspective on the relationship between the physical and natural worlds, which led to his groundbreaking contributions to chemistry.

Amedeo Avogadro Career

Amedeo Avogadro began his professional career as a lawyer, but he soon turned his attention to science and mathematics. He became a professor of physics at the Royal Military Academy in Turin in 1806 and later a professor of mathematical physics at the University of Turin, where he spent most of his career.

Avogadro's most significant contributions to science came in the field of chemistry, particularly in the development of the mole concept. In 1811, he proposed that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contained the same number of molecules, a theory that became known as Avogadro's law. This concept laid the foundation for the development of the mole concept, which is now a fundamental concept in chemistry.

Avogadro also made important contributions to crystallography, optics, and electricity, and he conducted extensive research on the properties of water, air, and gases. His work helped lay the foundation for the development of modern chemistry and physics, and he is widely regarded as one of the most important scientists of the 19th century.

Amedeo Avogadro Awards

Amedeo Avogadro did not receive awards during his lifetime, but his contributions to science were widely recognized after his death. Some of the notable posthumous awards and honors he received

In 1909, the Avogadro number, which represents the number of particles in one mole of substance, was named in his honor.

In 1926, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) named the standard unit for the amount of substance "mole" in his honor.

In 1960, the Avogadro Medal was established by the Academy of Sciences of Turin to recognize outstanding contributions to experimental chemistry.

In 1984, the European Chemical Society established the Avogadro Medal to recognize outstanding contributions to chemistry.

Several scientific organizations, such as the American Chemical Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, and the Italian Chemical Society, have also established awards and prizes in his honor.

Amedeo Avogadro's contributions to the development of the mole concept and other fields of science have had a profound impact on modern chemistry and earned him a place among the most important scientists in history.

Amedeo Avogadro Personal Life

Amedeo Avogadro married Felicita MazzΓ© in 1815, and they had six children together. 

Filippo Avogadro

Giovanni Avogadro

Maria Vittoria Avogadro

Giuseppina Avogadro

Carolina Avogadro

Flaminia Avogadro

Amedeo Avogadro and his wife Felicita MazzΓ© lived in Turin, Italy, for most of their lives. They had a house in the San Salvario district of the city, where they raised their six children. 

Avogadro was a dedicated family man who was content to stay in Turin, where he taught and conducted research at the University of Turin.

Despite his many contributions to science, Avogadro was not well known during his lifetime and had limited contact with other prominent scientists. His tendency to cite his own work and his reluctance to promote his own ideas may have contributed to his isolation. 

Nonetheless, his work on the mole concept and his contributions to the field of chemistry have had a lasting impact on modern science.

Amedeo Avogadro Death

Amedeo Avogadro died on July 9, 1856, in Turin, Italy, at the age of 79. The exact cause of his death is not known, but it is believed to have been related to a chronic illness.

At the time of his death, Avogadro was a respected professor of physics at the University of Turin

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